Hepatitis B is an infection or virus that causes liver disease and it’s inflammation. It easily spreads by direct contact with bodily fluids or the blood of an infected person.
For example, Hepatitis B can be transferred from an injected mother to her baby at birth, by sharing needles for injecting street drugs, through unprotected sex with an infected person and by professional contact with blood in a health care setting. It does not spread through water or food. People who are suffering from Hepatitis B can spread the disease unknowingly.
Common symptoms of Hepatitis-B.
Most of the people do not usually have symptoms of Hepatitis B. However, adults may have one or more of the following symptoms such as muscle soreness, stomach pain, feeling tired, diarrhea, jaundice, loss of appetite, fever and stomach pain. When symptoms occur, they come 2-5 months after coming in contact with the virus. You should show yourself to the doctor right away.
How to prevent Hepatitis-B infection.
The only way to prevent yourself from getting this disease is by getting yourself vaccinated. The Hepatitis B vaccine is given in three shots over the period of 6 months. This vaccine can give you protection against the infection for at least 20 years.
Treatment of Hepatitis-B infection.
Treatment of Hepatitis B depends on how active the virus is and whether you are in a chance of liver damage. If you have not received a Hepatitis B vaccine and think you might have been exposed to the virus, you should get a shot of Hepatitis B immunoglobin (HGIB) and the first three shots of Hepatitis B vaccine.
It is vital to receive this treatment within 7 days after the needle stick and within 2 weeks of sexual contact that might have exposed you to the virus. The sooner you get the treatment, the better it works.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
This sections answers some of the most common questions regarding Hepatitis-B.
Q. Is it curable?
Hepatitis B is a fatal infection that cannot be cured. But the good news is that it can be easily prevented. You can protect yourself from this virus by staying safe.
Q. Is it life-threatening?
It is possibly a life threatening liver infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus. It is a foremost global health problem that can cause chronic infection and puts people at a higher risk of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis.
Q. Is it contagious?
Yes, it is a contagious liver disease. The usual course of Hepatitis B infection is different from one person to another.
Q. Is it possible to take other vaccines at the same time?
Yes, any other liver virus vaccine can be taken simultaneously.
Q. Is it recommended for pregnant women?
Pregnant women who are at a high risk of having this disease and are tested negative can receive this vaccine.
Q. At what age should it be taken?
Adults who are at a higher risk of getting this disease should take this vaccine.