Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted through the tissue or saliva from the nervous system of an infected mammal to another. However, it can be passed on from mammal to person as well. It is caused by a virus which can only be seen with the help of a special microscope. The Rabies virus attacks the central nervous system instigating sternly and distressing the neurological system before causing the victim to die. Rabies is one the deadliest diseases on earth that causes 99.9% fatality rate.
As the virus remains to attack the central nervous system, there are two types of diseases that can develop. Furious Rabies and Paralytic Rabies. In Furious Rabies, people show an excitable and hyperactive behaviour that may display their erratic behaviour. In Paralytic Rabies, it takes long to set in and the person gradually gets paralyzed.
Common symptoms of Rabies.
The period between the morsel and the start of symptoms is known as the incubation period. A person develops Rabies symptoms within a time frame of four to 12 weeks. However, the incubation period also varies from a few days to six years. The early onset of Rabies has flu like symptoms such as muscle weakness, burning on the morsel site and fever.
How to prevent Rabies infection.
Rabies vaccine, as explained by the name, is a vaccine used to prevent Rabies. Vaccination is done in two distinctive situations. First is to protect those who might be at a risk of getting exposed to Rabies. Second, to prevent the development of clinical Rabies after the exposure has taken place. The vaccination is given in the form of three doses. 1st dose as needed, 2nd dose is given 7 days after the first dose and 3rd dose is given 21 days or 28 days after the second dose.
Treatment of Rabies infection.
Treatment of Rabies can be done with a fast acting shot, that is Rabies immune globulin that stops the virus from infecting. The second is a series of Rabies vaccine in which, you receive injections for over 14 days in your arms. This stops the virus from spreading and helps to eliminate the disease.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
This sections answers some of the most common questions regarding Rabies.
Q. Is it curable?
Humans that have not received the vaccination are at a higher risk of fatality, as neurological symptoms might have developed. After vaccination, the infection generally stops.
Q. Is it life-threatening?
Rabies is a life threatening disease that causes hundreds of deaths every year. Dogs are the most common source.
Q. Is it contagious?
Rarely, the virus might spread when the tissue or saliva from an infected animal passes on to humans.
Q. Is it possible to take other vaccines at the same time?
Yes, it is possible to take other vaccines at the same time.
Q. Is it recommended for pregnant women?
Yes, it is important for pregnant women to receive Rabies vaccination, if indicated.