Typhoid or Typhoid fever is an acute illness related with fever by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The bacteria is deposited in food or water by a human carrier and then spreads to other people in that area.
People with this acute illness can also contaminate the surrounding water supply through their stool, which contains high absorption of this bacteria. Contamination of this in food supply can also affect the food supply. The bacteria can survive for weeks in the water or dried sewage.
Common symptoms of Typhoid.
The development period is usually 1-2 weeks and the duration of the illness lasts for about 3-4 weeks. Symptoms include generalized aches and pains, poor appetite, lethargy, fever as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit and diarrhea. Abdominal pain and chest congestion occurs in many people. The fever remains constant. Improvements takes place in the 3rd or 4th week and there are 10% people who have recurrent symptoms within one or two weeks. Relapses usually occur to people who are treated with antibiotics.
How to prevent Typhoid infection.
The best way to prevent and control Typhoid fever is by having adequate medical care and safe drinking water. However, vaccine is recommended if you are looking to travel to areas where the risk of getting Typhoid is high. There are two vaccines available, one is injected in a single dose at least one week prior to traveling. Second type is given orally in a box of four capsules. One capsule needs to be taken each day.
Treatment of Typhoid infection.
Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics that help to kill the Salmonella bacteria. Before the use of these antibiotics, the fatality rate was about 20%. Death usually occurred due to pneumonia, overwhelming infection, intestinal bleeding and intestinal perforation. With supportive care and antibiotics, death rate has decreased to 1%-2%. With the use of antibiotics, improvement can be seen within 8 to 10 days.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
This sections answers some of the most common questions regarding Typhoid.
Q. Is it curable?
Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics that will kill that Salmonella bacteria.
Q. Is it life-threatening?
Yes, Typhoid fever is a life threatening disease caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacteria.
Q. Is it contagious?
Yes, it is highly contagious as it is related to bacteria caused by food and water and can cause food poisoning.
Q. Is it possible to take other vaccines at the same time?
Yes, it is possible to take any other vaccine at the same time.
Q. Is it recommended for pregnant women?
If pregnant women are travelling to a risky destination, then it is necessary.